A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Information Booklet on Knowledge Regarding Care of COVID-19 Patient in Home Isolation Among Adult Population with Age Group 20-50 Years at Selected Area of Utai Durg District (C.G.)
Keywords:assess effectiveness, knowledge, information booklet, home isolation, adult population
Corona virus is related to a large family group of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, novel corona virus directly attacks the upper respiratory tract and it may cause respiratory infections, from common cold to more severe diseases like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently spread virus/disease was unknown until its outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The disease is transmitted by inhalation or contact with infected droplets and the incubation period ranges from 2 to 14 days The symptoms are usually fever, cough, sore throat, breathlessness, fatigue, malaise among others. The WHO (World Health Organization) declared COVID-19 a pandemic on 11 March, 2020.Worldwide COVID-19 exploded to 33,688,356 cases and caused 1,008,600 deaths by August 2020. Globally according to WHO, 281,808,270 confirmed COVID cases till 29thdec 2021. India reported over 34,808,886 confirmed cases of the corona virus as of Dec 13, 2021. As on 9 January, 2021, total number of cases in Chhattisgarh was 1020811, including 13066 active cases, 994132 recoveries and 13613 deaths. In Chhattisgarh’s COVID19 count reached 10, 07,847 on Dec30, 2021 detected. The Objectives: To assess the pre-test and post- test knowledge regarding care of covid -19 patient in home isolation among adult population with age group 20-50 years of age at selected area of Utai Durg district Chhattisgarh. To assess the effectiveness of information booklet regarding care of covid -19 patient in home isolation on post test knowledge among adult population with age group 20-50 years. To find association between pre test knowledge regarding care of covid -19 patient in home isolation and selected Socio demographic variable among adult population with age group 20-50 years. Material and Methods: The research approach used was an experimental approach, and the research design of the study was pre- experimental one group pre–test post–test research design. The non – probability purposive sampling techniques was used to select 60 adult population from Utai Durg District (C.G). The variables under the study are independent and dependent variables. Independent variables is Information Booklet regarding care of covid-19 patient in home isolation and dependent variables is knowledge of adult population regarding care of covid-19 patient in home isolation. A self -structured questionnaire was prepared to assess knowledge regarding care of covid-19 patient in home isolation. Reliability of the tool was 1. The data obtained were analyzed and interpreted in terms of objective and hypothesis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis, the level of significance was at 0.05. Results: Major findings of these studies are out of 60 sample, in relation overall analysis related to pre–test and post-test knowledge score regarding care of covid-19 patient in home isolation among adult population. In post–test, majority of subject maximum 45(75%) subjects were having excellent knowledge, 15(25%) subjects were having good knowledge score regarding care of covid-19 patient in home isolation.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Kalpana Singh, Abhilekha Biswal, G. Hemavati, Sreemini Pillai
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