Future of Afghanistan in Rough Terrain with Foreign Troops Withdrawal and Taliban Return to Power
Keywords:economic turmoil, pandemic trouble, political instability, social agony, Taliban militancy, troop withdrawal, women’s insecurity
Afghanistan had been a disturbed nation in the history of a memorable time. The historical timeline is laden with clash, violence, foreign invasion, insurgency, and bloodshed. The local populace faced enough strife and conflict from British rule in the 19th century to Taliban resurgence in the 21st century. The country was ravaged by civil war and militancy for decades. Political instability, natural disaster, surging violence, stalled peace talk, rising poverty, and rampage of COVID 19 put the country into a grave humanitarian crisis in 2020. Since the declaration of withdrawals of troops and handing over security system in the hands of the Afghan security force, extremist group Taliban started flexing mussels and ended up in appropriation of the whole country in August 2021. Since June 2021, the Taliban made advances with renewed vigor, vanquished the Afghan military, and captured one province after the other. Normal economic activities, business, trade, and commerce faced a severe jolt. There was the imposition of Shariyat law and restrictions on social life. Women were worst affected as their freedom was repealed and safety came under a question mark. During the previous Taliban regime from 1998-2001, education got restricted by Taliban diktat and women's education faced a ban. Media also faced sanctions and freedom of journalism was abrogated. Afghan people were scared of impending torturous times and started to flee the nation. An alarm bell was sounded in neighboring nations and other parts of the world as the rise of militant extremists can be a looming threat to global peace and stability. Afghan economy and social life have faced a rough patch as foreign aid stalled and upstart extremists lack economic prudence to run the country.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Subhendu Bhattacharya, Radhika Singh
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